EB-5移民是最有效的就业创造计划-国会游说报告

6月4日,参议院抛出的EB-5新提案,一石激起千层浪,在开发商区域中心律所等相关行业机构的推动下,游说机构们开始了积极的游说工作。不过,没有数字就没说服力。今天,我们来看智库U.S. Policy Metrics / Hamilton Place Strategies提供给国会议员们的游说报告,数据详实充分。本文作者GT律所的Laura Foote Reiff律师,由业内朋友Mary翻译,特此感谢。

一份六月份的U.S. Policy Metrics / Hamilton Place Strategies报告指出私人资本创造就业:一项对EB-5签证计划的分析表明EB-5签证计划的实际影响力,即作为纯粹就业创造体和中立的财政催化剂将私人投资引入到了美国。此份报告是由EB-5投资联盟(EB-5IC,EB5Sir:此为EB-5行业的联盟行业组织,意在政策游说),一个涉猎广泛的两党组织负责调查,该组织致力于重新授权和强化管理EB-5区域中心计划。报告的撰写人有Steve McMillin,他是U.S. Policy Metrics公司的合伙人,曾担任小布什总统任职期间的白宫办公室管理和预算办公室副主任;Michael Solon,他是U.S. Policy Metrics公司的合伙人,曾担任参议院多数党领袖麦康奈尔(R-KY)的预算顾问;Matt McDonald,他是Hamilton Place Strategies的合伙人,并曾担任小布什总统的顾问。

调查结果

该报告的主要调查结果包括:

当其他政策渠道都功亏一篑的时候,EB-5项目能产生私人资本:

国家对涉及税收改革,贸易扩张,基础设施建设的政策的讨论总有一个共同点:希望更多私人资本的投入来刺激经济的长足增长。EB-5项目事实上做到了刺激经济增长,且不对纳税人造成损失。

报告显示,EB-5项目在2005年至2013年期间至少创造了52亿美元的私人投资,仅2013年就创造了1亿6千万美元的私人投资。

尽管2009年美国颁布了美国复苏与再投资法案,俗称“刺激”法案,公众每消费10万到40万美元将产生一个就业,然而EB-5项目却创造了成千上万的就业机会,且没有对纳税人造成负担。

EB-5项目仅在2013年就创造了3.1万个就业——在过去的十二个月里创造了超过11种类型的工作岗位。

EB-5投资在全部50个州建立了创造就业的项目,这些项目横跨众多领域,包括医疗保健、教育、制造业、能源、农业、零售、酒店、交通、基础设施和房地产类型。

EB-5提供“有耐心的资本”,足以应对短期的财政危机和长期的经济挑战:

报告显示,EB-5项目可以维持经济增长,不论是遇到短期的经济萎缩,比如2008年的金融危机还是长时期的财政困难。

随着美国人口逐渐老年化,婴儿潮时期的大批人进入到退休年龄,EB-5能够应对资本形成的相关挑战通过引入新鲜的私人资本流进入美国。

报告指出,EB-5提供“有耐心的资本”,被认为是一种理想的长期融资,资本密集型的项目集资形式。

有了明智的改革,国会可以提高EB-5创造就业的影响

报告评估了改革提案的潜在影响,包括那些在美国参议院司法委员会的两党领导人,参议院司法委员会主席Chuck Grassley和高级成员Patrick Leahy提出的改革议案中提出的内容。

研究警告说,提案中提到的那些对某些地理区域的工作创造要求的过度限制和规则,将限制EB-5项目。它指出,其他的政策选择,比如有效地增加10,000张签证上限,可能会形成显著的经济利益。

数据图表

下面是这份报告中提供的数据图表:

区域中心数

区域中心

2015年3月,全美失业率

全美失业率

年度EB-5签证发放数

Eb5投资

EB-5签证类型细分表

Eb5签证

年度EB-5投资总额

Eb5投资

EB-5和ARRA的就业成本对比

Arra

2013年各类签证对比

签证对比

全美老龄化对比预测图

全美老龄化
原文

作者:GT律所的Laura Foote Reiff律师,原文网站:www.eb5insights.com。

New Report Validates the EB-5 Program as a Most Efficient Job Creation Program
By Laura Foote Reiff on June 25th, 2015 Posted in EB-5 Investment, EB-5 Job Creation, EB-5 Program

A June U.S. Policy Metrics/Hamilton Place Strategies report Harnessing Private Capital For Job Creation: An Analysis Of The EB-5 Visa Program demonstrates the impact of the EB-5 visa program as a net job creator and budget-neutral catalyst for bringing private investment into the U.S. The report was commissioned by the EB-5 Investment Coalition (EB-5IC), a broad-based, bipartisan organization focused on reauthorizing and strengthening the EB-5 Regional Center Program. This report is authored by Steve McMillin, a partner at U.S. Policy Metrics and former deputy director of the White House Office of Management and Budget under President George W. Bush; Michael Solon, also a partner at U.S. Policy Metrics and former budget advisor to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY); and Matt McDonald, a partner at Hamilton Place Strategies and a former advisor to President George W. Bush.

The report’s top findings include:

EB-5 GENERATES PRIVATE INVESTMENT AT A TIME WHEN OTHER POLICY CHANNELS FALL SHORT

National debates over tax reform, trade expansion, and infrastructure policy have one thing in common: a desire to boost private investment to help fuel long-term growth. EB-5 does exactly that, catalyzing growth at no cost to taxpayers.
The report shows that the EB-5 program generated a minimum of $5.2 billion in private investment between 2005 and 2013, generating at least $1.6 billion in private investment in 2013 alone.

EB-5 IS 500 PERCENT MORE EFFICIENT AT JOB CREATION THAN THE 2009 STIMULUS BILL

While the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, commonly known as the “stimulus” bill, created one job for every $100,000 to $400,000 in public spending, the EB-5 program has created tens of thousands of jobs at no cost to taxpayers.
The EB-5 program created 31,000 jobs in 2013 alone – more jobs than 11 different states have individually created in the last 12 months.
EB-5 investments have funded job-creating projects in all 50 states and across a broad range of industries, including health care, education, manufacturing, energy, agriculture, retail, hospitality, transportation, infrastructure, and real estate.

EB-5 PROVIDES ‘PATIENT CAPITAL’, CAPABLE OF ADDRESSING BOTH SHORT-TERM FINANCIAL CRISES AND LONG-TERM ECONOMIC CHALLENGES

The report shows that the EB-5 program can sustain growth during both short-term economic contractions, such as the 2008 financial crisis, and across long-term financial headwinds.
As the U.S. population ages and baby boomers start retiring, EB-5 can address challenges associated with capital formation by bringing fresh streams of private investment into the U.S.
The report notes the role of EB-5 in delivering “patient capital,” a form of financing that is considered ideal for long-term, capital-intensive projects.

WITH SMART REFORMS, CONGRESS CAN BOOST EB-5’S JOB CREATING IMPACT

The report assesses the potential effects of proposed reforms, including those contained in a bipartisan Senate bill introduced by Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Ranking Member Patrick Leahy (D-VT).

The study cautions that overly restrictive job creation requirements and rules favoring certain geographic regions could restrict the program. It notes that other policy options, such as those to effectively increase the 10,000 visa cap, could have significant economic benefits.

 

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